Friday, February 8, 2013

All About Indian Almond

Origin of Indian Almond
Indian almonds is native to SE Asia and thrives in coastal, tropical areas. Countries growing the Indian almond today are Australia, Polynesia, Madagascar, West Africa, India, Pakistan, South America, Central America, and even parts of the Caribbean.

Availability of Indian Almond in India
Indian almonds grow throughout the warmer regions of India, including Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala. The tree also grows in West Bengal and other warmer regions in the North.

Indian almonds bear fruit during the winter months in India.

Where to find Indian Almond in India
Indian almonds are usually sold pre-shelled and packaged; rarely fresh. Shelled nuts are easily found in most every decent-sized nut and seed store.

Checking for Ripeness in Indian Almond
Indian almonds display a vibrant spectacle of colors as they ripen: green at first, then changing to yellow, and finally a deep red or sharp magenta. Some greenish varieties go from dark green to brown.

Indian almonds may be collected from the ground if recently fallen, by hand, or with use of a long pole for pruning.

Taste of Indian Almond
Indian almonds have a nutty taste similar to almonds thanks to its oil content, and are considered important foodstuff in Vanatu. Villagers sometimes eat the aromatic fleshy fruit, though the taste is not particularly pleasant or noteworthy. Sometimes the fruit tastes sweet; other times bitter. The ever-resourceful Filipinos occasionally make wine from the fruits.

Nutritional Value of Indian Almond
According to an analysis conducted by the University of New South Wales, Indian almonds contain the following nutrition per 100g:

20g Protein
55.8g Fat
18mg Sodium
1,140mg Potassium
200mg Calcium
1,130mg Phosphorous
10mg Magnesium
6.3mg Iron
410mg Zinc
5.1mg Copper
.5mg Thiamin
3.3mg Niacin

Health Benefits of Indian Almond
According to the book, “The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts,” the leaf extract from Indian almonds have been used traditionally to sickle cell anemia and boost liver function. Additionally, the oil from the leaves treat skin problems when applied as a salve. The seeds are believed to treat liver cancer and act as an aphrodisiac. The dried root has been used for their effective antimicrobial activities against e coli and staph outbreaks.

Some of these traditional remedies have been affirmed by scientific studies as well:

--According to a study in “The Indian Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics,” leaf extract exhibited potent anti-diabetic effects.
--A study published in the “Indian Journal of Pharmacology” reveals that fruit extracts had antitumor activities on fibrosarcoma induced rats.
--The “Journal of Nutritional Science Vitaminology” states that leaf extracts suppressed bone weight loss in ovariectomized mice.
--A study published in “Food and Chemical Toxicology” affirmed that Indian almond leaves may be a potent chemopreventative agent against types of oral cancer. Other studies from the same publication reveal benefits against lung cancer as well.
--According to a study published in the “International Journal of Pharmacology,” ethanol leaf extracts displayed analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities.

Terminalia catappa extract

How to Open/Cut:
Some Indian almonds can be cracked opened with the teeth. Others require cracking open with a knife or hitting with a stone.

Extraction is a cumbersome process, but the nut requires no additional processing in order to consume.

Fresh nuts grow moldy at room temperature in a day or two. Preserve the life of the nuts up to a year by roasting them.

Indian Almond Recipe Ideas and Uses:
--Substitute any recipe calling for almonds with Indian almonds instead
--Sprinkle in any rice dishes or salads
--Make a smoky badam treat by grinding the nuts and adding syrup or mashed dates.
--These trees serve as great windbreakers and offer coastal protection
--Indian almond trees are good for wildlife, including precious honeybees.
--The trees also provide shade for other trees, such as cacao trees.
--Because the trees have a long life of 60 to 100 years and fruit early, many select Indian almonds as an ornamental tree.

Personal Experience:
Indian almonds don’t get much notice in urban areas. My mother-in-law and I walked past one Indian almond tree on the way to the store—I only noticed because the ground was littered with gorgeous magenta pods. No other passerbys seemed to care too much about these colorful fruits.

Random Facts:
In Vanatu, these dried and processed nuts sell for a whopping $80/kg in urban supermarkets.

Scientific Name:
Terminalia catappa

Other Names:
Jangli badam
Tropical almond
Bangla badam

Related Fruits:


  1. sir, i am planning to plant almonds in 2 acres in tamil nadu.
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    pl contact
    with regrds

    1. Hi, first you know the whether conditions in your area and soil pH is it suitable for almond plantation.
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    3. this man is perhaps mad...almonds are grown in cold areas ....90 percent almonds are grown in kashmi...then 8percent in himachal and 0.09 percent maharastra

  2. Replies
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  3. I have 3 almond trees in ma garden. Please say whether there is any automated machine available to remove the shell. It is very difficult to remove t manually.

  4. You can check

  5. Hello Sir,

    We Deals in all types of almonds and i have my own online store and now m planning to do manufacturing in india, so please guide me.

  6. Dear Sir,
    Informative article. Can you please tell the variety of this fruit which is suitable to grow in Telangana region. Is there any government nursery or private nursery which supplies these saplings?

    1. Namaste,did you get any nursery info in hyderabad, Im looking for 2 indian origin badam
      non gmo, plants,

  7. where to buy seedlings in pune as i want to plant in osmanabad district of maharashtra and also tell me which varities are good to grow

  8. Dear sir
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    With regards
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  9. Sir ,I need bulk guantity of almonds for the business .Where do I get best price please suggest the place to buy

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  13. I work in Makerere University-Kampala Uganda. I never knew this tree has lots of magical nutrients, actually the first time I saw the tree I was attracted to its Magenta leaves and fruits.

    My subconscious told me this could be either edible or medicinal so I picked the fruits and leaves that laid on the and tried asking students passing by to see if they could help me by identifying the name of the tree. No one of the many students asked seemed to know. I got so curious and went to the college of Agriculture and I was told by a student that it it Badama tree (luganda language- a major language for kampala)

    So I came to office Kept the leaves and seeds in my desk then went to google and typed Badama tree and its uses. I was surprised about the huge benefits.

    I have now substituted this tree for my major protein intake and body building. No one hear in Makerere seems to know the magical secret behind this tree. I have build great Abs now , chest and the body of my dreams with this tree.

    1. In Kiswahili we call it Kh8ungu / Makungu

  14. Dear Sir,
    Informative article. Can you please tell the variety of this fruit which is suitable to grow in Telangana region. Is there any government nursery or private nursery which supplies these saplings?


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  33. you've got this post completely mixed up with what is not almond trees. what you see a lot in south india are teakwood trees that have seeds similar to the shape of almonds. while the shape of the seeds look similar to the almond (nut) it does not mean the seed inside is also the same shape as the almond (nut). a real almond tree which grows in indian kashmir region or in iran etc have their fruit in a different shape (not like the shape of the almond nut) but the seed or nut inside is in the shape of the almonds. so, in summary the shape of the fruit you see looks like almond nut but that is not the real almond tree, in south india etc, but that is teak wood tree. i've observed this confusion a lot and i have studied and worked with wood for over a decade. good luck! god bless you.

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