Sunday, March 24, 2013

All About Lasura (Cordia myxa, Cordia dochotoma)



Origin of Lasura
Lasura originates along the Himalayan tract up to 1,500 metres, with its natural habitat extending through the forests of India, Nepal and Myanmar. Today, Cordia trees are found in Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, China, Polynesia, Australia.

Availability of Lasura in India
Lasura grows in moist and dry forests of the country, spreading throughout the northern states of Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, parts of the sub-Himayalan tract and the Western Ghats. Along with forests, Cordia trees prefer ravines and valleys for growing. Lasura is not as popular in the south of the country, but a single tree rests in Adyar’s Theosophical Gardens for those wishing to find one.

Lasura trees bear cherry-sized fruit from March through June in some parts of India, and July through August in other regions.



Where to find Lasura in India
Unripe lasura is easy to find when in season. This is because of its popularity in traditional dishes within Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh. The unripe fruits transport well, making them prime for distribution to far-off markets.

It’s worth noting that the fruit has more recognition in the rural, traditional areas of India: a business executive in Hyderabad would not be able to recognize the fruit, but a person who grew up in the small Kangral district of Himachal Pradesh or in rural Mysore would be quite familiar with the berry-like drupe.

Ripe lasura is not a commonly sold fruit, most likely because of its difficulty to transport and its high perishability. When in season, children, birds and monkeys tend to be the greatest enthusiasts of the sticky pink fruit.

Checking for Ripeness in Lasura
Lasura is green in its unripe state, slowly turning tan if it’s Cordia myxa and a light baby pink color if it’s Cordia dichotoma. As it overripens and falls from the tree, the fruit turns deep purple. These deeper-colored fruits indicate overripeness and shouldn’t be eaten.



Taste of Lasura
Green, unripe lasura has a sour taste that can easily be confused for raw mango in its pickled form. Its tart, tangy flavor makes it an ideal candidate for additional preparation, such as sauteeing and marinating.

Tan or pink ripe lasura’s taste is simple but tasteful—its gelatinous, slimy, mucous-like flesh is sugary and unassuming. No other flavors round out the fruit, as it’s not tart, acidic, bitter, or astringent. If one can overcome the bizarre snotty texture, they might enjoy the taste.

Nutritional Value of Lasura
According to a study published in a report titled, “Nutritional Value of some Nonconventional Plant Foods of India,” lasura contains the following composition:

2% Protein
92% Carb
2% Fat
2% Fiber

Per 100g:
394kcal
6mg Iron
275mg Phosphorous
55mg Calcium



Health Benefits of Lasura
Cordia species have been used in medicinal remedies for centuries. According to the book, “Indian Herbal Remedies,” the man regarded as the father of surgery in India, Sushutra, prescribed Cordia fruits as a coolant and astringent, to be used for biliousness, cough and internal haemorrhage. The bark paste was used for treatment on spider bites and eruptive boils. In Unani medicine, the fruit supplemented purgatives as a way of counteracting their bad side effects. Other properties of the fruit include acting as a demulcent, expectorant, diuretic and antihelmintic.

Lasura has a number of well-documented health benefits:
--A 2001 study published in “Nutrition” found that Cordia myxa fruit acted as an anti-inflammatory, remedying the effects of an inflamed colon, liver and plasma.
--According to a study published in “Phytotherapy Research,” Cordia myxa decreased blood pressure, thus acting as a potent hypotensive agent.
--A 2005 study published in the “Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research” affirmed the fruit’s traditional use as a diuretic.
--According to a 2007 study published in the “Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine,” the liver-protecting abilities displayed by the leaves of Cordia dichotoma were comparable to sylmarin, a well-known drug prescribed for liver damage.
--A 2009 study published in “The Internet Journal of Pharmacology” found that Cordia dichomtoa fruits possess significant anti-ulcer properties.
--A 2009 study published in “Pharmacology Online” found that the leaves contain potent analgesic, cytotoxic and anti-bacterial activity.
--A 2011 study published in the “International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research” affirmed lasora fruit’s traditional use as an antidiabetic.



How to Open/Cut:
Lasura does not need peeling, but the seed requires removal if it’s to be used in recipes. Simply cut in half and use a small spoon to remove the mucilaginous seed from the center of the lasora.

Expect sticky fingers after handling the small fruits.

Storage:
Unripe lasura keeps for a month when placed in a small plastic bag in the refrigerator.

Ripe fruits have a much higher perishability and will keep ony for one week in similar conditions. To avoid bruised, splitting fruits that will invariably cause a slimy mess, spread ripe fruits in a shallow container. Better yet, put ripe lasura in a clamshell container similar to those used for other sensitive, perishable fruits like raspberries and blueberries.

Lasura Recipe Ideas and Uses:
--Make pickled lasura (also known as pickled gunda) by heating oil and stirring in spices such as chili powder, mustard seed, cumin, fenugreek and turmeric. Cut and remove the seeds from the lasura, and add the halves to the oil to coat in the spices. If desired, add raw mango. Transfer to a jar, where it will keep for six months in the fridge.
--Use ripe pickled fruits akin to capers: top on vegetables, marinated tofu, and add to soups. These uses are especially popular in Taiwanese cuisine. In fact, jars of the pickled fruit look no different than, say, olives.



Flavor Complements:
Ker, raw mango, raw papaya, lemon, garlic, ginger, vinager, chili, turmeric, cumin

Random Facts:
Some offices simply rub lasura’s gelatinous flesh across envelopes as a substitute for glue. This additional function of the fruit could be the source of lasura’s other name, the glue berry.

Binomial Name:
Cordia dichotoma
Cordia myxa
Cordia oblique
Cordia latifolia

Other Names:
Glue berry
Gunda
Indian cherry
Clammy cherry
Fragrant manjack
Assyrian plum
Bocote



Goborhut, bahubara (Assamese)
Bahubara, boch (Bengali)
Lasora (Hindi)
Dieng mong (Khasi)
Naruvari (Malayalam)
Lamkelaba (Manipuri)
Bahuvarah (Sanskrit)
Naruvili, citam (Tamil)
Bankanakkera (Telegu)

Related Fruits:
Cordia domestica
Yellow cordia (Cordia lutea)
Beach cordia (Cordia subcordata)
Bairola (Cordia vestita)
Texas olive (Cordia boisseieri)
Scarlet cordia (Cordia sebestina)
*These are just a handful of related trees: the Cordia genus has over 300 species. Not all of these species are edible—India’s varieties described in the above entry are considered some of the tastiest. 





19 comments:

  1. Thanks for this- I didn't realise that this is gunda, which I love in pickles!

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  2. Hello Catherine, any idea whether seeds from unripe fruits will germinate? I'd like to find links that tell me how to grow Cordia from seeds. Thanks!

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    Replies
    1. the plant grows from the roots, don't think the seeds grow, so the next time you see the tree look for some roots

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    2. the plant grow from the seeds very easily, if proper soil is provided specially if in a separate container (flowerpot).
      let me share one thing with catherine, that we have the magical tree lasura in or home from many years .my grandmother says that women took lasura for the woman who are not getting pregnant, boil 1 cup of lasura with 2 cups of water an boil until it remains half, when cold drink it from the 2nd day of periods for 3 days.

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    3. Not sure of if getting confused between Gunda/lasura - Cordia myxa, Cordia dochotoma or Cordia gharaf (Gundi or Liyar) medicine u r referring. Have seen article on Gundi or Liyar on net pls ref. http://www.shahemeeran.com/index.php/2015/05/19/tree-of-gondi/tree-of-gundi/

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  3. it is also made into a dry vegetable when its raw and it tastes really good. :)

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  4. would anyone advise the benefits of the Lasura please. thanks

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  5. There is a tree in Lalbagh ( Bangalore) if this is the same as the ' glue tree'. The seeds sprout easily.

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  6. nice blog great information

    Nutritional intervention is one of the key components of our scientific and holistic approach towards weight management and the associated medical conditions.

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  7. Kannada name for lasura is challakai. Its pickle is more popular in North karnata

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  8. Kannada name for lasura is challakai. Its pickle is more popular in North karnata

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  9. Do this fruit's seeds have any nutritional/medicinal value? Any idea?

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  10. LasOORA SEEDS HAVE HOLES THAT HAVE INSECTS INSIDE IT. wHAT IS THAT INSECT SPECIES?

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  11. Good knowledgeable article. In our childhood time we used to paste our notebook with ripe lesues

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  12. Are these fruits good for jointhealth

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  13. what are the synonyms of cordia dichotoma?

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  14. How to get powder from lahsora?
    Please email me.
    eldoradopk87 @gmail come.
    I have lahsora tree in my house which bears lahsora like big jujube.
    How can I powder it?

    ReplyDelete
  15. How to get powder from lahsora?
    Please email me.
    eldoradopk87 @gmail come.
    I have lahsora tree in my house which bears lahsora like big jujube.
    How can I powder it?

    ReplyDelete
  16. Hi, I am doing some business in cordia dichotoma fruit, and I would like to buy the plenty of cordia dichotoma fruit.
    Could you tell me where is the market of cordia dichotoma fruit in India exactly?
    Email me please, many thanks.
    hukai89@hotmail.com

    ReplyDelete